Creative Calisthenics' Journal
Sunday, March 3, 2013
Forms: see dog n.1 and bee n.1
Etymology: < dog n.1 + bee n.1 With sense 1 compare dog n.1 2. In sense 2 apparently partly with allusion to a dog as something large and coarse, and partly with the intended meaning ‘fly that bites dogs’; compare dogfly n.
1. A male honeybee or drone.
1530 J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 214/2 Doggebee, bourdon.
1847 J. O. Halliwell Dict. Archaic & Provinc. Words, Dog-bee, a drone, or male bee.
1880 All Year Round 5 June 91/1 A dog-bee, for instance, is a drone—a coarse, common, inferior bee that makes no honey.
2. A fly, as a horsefly or a fly that bites dogs. Cf. dogfly n. 1. rare.
1838 J. Bosworth Dict. Anglo-Saxon Lang at Hund, Hundes-beo, dog-bee, dog or horse-fly.
1882 Ogilvie's Imperial Dict. (new ed.) II., Dog-bee, a fly troublesome to dogs.
Friday, February 22, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈɒlɪd/, U.S. /ˈɑləd/
Etymology: < classical Latin olidus having an offensive smell, stinking < olēre to smell (see olent adj.) + -idus -id suffix1. Compare earlier olidous adj.
Having a strong and unpleasant smell; fetid, rank. Also in extended use.
1680 R. Boyle Exper. & Notes Prodvcibleness Chymicall Princ. i. 57 in Sceptical Chymist (new ed.), Urine; of which..olid and despicable liquor I chose to make an Instance.
1713 J. Smith tr. Chaucer in Poems upon Several Occasions 349 Fretting he scrubs to wipe away the Savour Of Olid Salts, and Ammoniack Flavour.
1822 J. M. Good Study Med. II. 582 The sweat is copious, but proves by its sour and olid smell that it is a morbid secretion.
1921 H. Allen Wampum & Old Gold 26 And poison honey festers in their pods, Olid as tales of lust told long ago About the wanton mother of the gods.
1977 D. Abse Coll. Poems 26 They in some intimate, cruel game engaged—horrid, olid, and medieval.
2001 Weekend Austral. (Nexis) 29 Sept. r28 Ours are always the most badly behaved dogs, defying all our frantic efforts to curb their bad manners and olid presence.
Thursday, February 21, 2013
[‘Ancient Hist. A vessel for holding perfume, unguents, or ointments; = alabaster n. 2, alabastron n.’] Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌaləˈbɑːstrəm/, /ˌaləˈbastrəm/, U.S. /ˌæləˈbæstrəm/
Inflections: Plural alabastra, alabastrums.
Forms: OE ME– alabastrum, 17 alabastrus.
Etymology: < classical Latin alabaster, alabastrum box for perfume, rosebud (see alabaster n.).
The word was probably reborrowed in the late 14th cent.; there is no continuity of use with the Old English.
The form alabastrum is also occasionally attested in English contexts denoting the stone alabaster (see alabaster n. 1).
1. Ancient Hist. A vessel for holding perfume, unguents, or ointments; = alabaster n. 2, alabastron n.
OE Old Eng. Martyrol. (Julius) 22 July 156 Heo [sc. Mary Magdalene] brohte hire alabastrum, þæt is hire glæsfæt, mid deorwyrðe smyrenisse, ond þa weop heo on ðæs hælendes fet ond drigde mid hire loccum ond cyste ond smyrede mid þære deorwyrðan smyrenisse.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus De Proprietatibus Rerum (BL Add. 27944) (1975) II. xix. 1375 Alabastrum is a vessel for oynement.
1706 Phillips's New World of Words (ed. 6), Alabastrum or Alabastrus, an Alabaster-box of Ointment.
1824 J. Elmes Gen. & Bibliogr. Dict. Fine Arts I. at Alabastrides, The alabastrum is always among the attributes of the bathing Venus.
1861 C. W. King Antique Gems (1866) 88 Little jars for holding perfumes, which were called alabastra.
1891 Amer. Jrnl. Archaeol. & Hist. Fine Arts 7 223 The central scene is the washing of the body of a dead man by two women, while a third and fourth hold a taenia and an alabastrum.
1936 N. P. Vlachos Hellas & Hellenism xi. 339 Two jugs, large stamnus (jar), flanked by an alabastrum (for ointments) and an oil flask.
2005 B. A. Kipfer Dict. Artifacts 47 In the 6th century the Greek influence changed the forms to alabastrums, amphorae, kraters, and kylikes with..birds and animals in friezes or geometric schemes.
†2. Bot. An unexpanded flower bud. Obs.
1706 Phillips's New World of Words (ed. 6), Alabastrum or Alabastrus..Among Herbalists, the Bud or green Leaves of Plants, which enclose the bottom of the Flowers, before they are spread.
1834 G. Don Gen. Syst. Gardening & Bot. III. 233/1 Alabastra of fertile flowers cylindrical.
1851 J. H. Balfour Man. Bot (ed. 2) ii. iii. 169 To the flower-bud, the name alabastrus (meaning rose-bud) is sometimes given.
1883 Amer. Naturalist 17 1112 This alabastrum is so highly developed as to have the complete advantage of the leaves.
Wednesday, February 20, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /jɛtəˈtʊərə/, U.S. /ˌjɛdəˈtʊrə/
Etymology: < Italian (originally and chiefly regional: southern) iettatura, †jettatura the evil eye, bad luck (1787) < iettare (see jettatore n.) + -atura -ature suffix. Compare French jettatura (1817; also jettature; < Italian). Compare jettatore n.
The evil eye (see evil adj. 6); bad luck.
1822 London Mag. Sept. 228/1 Little pieces of twisted coral, which are worn about the neck as charms against the jettatura.
1855 E. C. Gaskell Accursed Race in Househ. Words 25 Aug. 78/2 Their glance, if you meet it, is the jettatura, or evil eye.
1882 C. M. Yonge Unknown to Hist. II. iii. 34 'Tis not only the jettatura wherewith the Queen Mother used to reproach me. Men need but bear me good will, and misery overtakes them.
1892 A. Lang Bks. & Bookmen (new ed.) 122 The superstitious might have been excused for crediting him with the gift of jettatura,—of the evil eye.
1928 N. Richardson Mother of Kings iii. 181 ‘Poor fellow—it cost him his head, this and his friendship for Dubarry.’ ‘Let us hope it will not cast such a jettatura upon you, Joseph’
1997 A. M. Kraut in L. Marks & M. Worboys Migrants, Minorities, & Health x. 235 Southern Italians often attributed illness to the influence of one who had the jettatura.
Monday, February 18, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /ɡəˈlanθə(ʊ)fʌɪl/, U.S. /ɡəˈlænθəˌfaɪl/
Forms: 18– galanthophil, 19– galanthophile.
Etymology: < scientific Latin Galanthus, genus name of the snowdrop (1753; < ancient Greek γάλα milk (see galactic adj.) + ἄνθος flower: see anthos n.) + -o- connective + -phile comb. form. Chiefly Brit.
A collector of or expert on snowdrops.
1892 Garden 2 July 17/1 It is proposed to name this new Chionodoxa C. Alleni, after the well-known Galanthophil of Shepton Mallet.
1919 Garden 22 Mar. 126/1 It [sc. Melville's large-flowered Snowdrop] was brought into prominence at the Snowdrop Conference of the Royal Horticultural Society, and has held its own in the estimation of the Galanthophile.
1961 Gardeners Chron. 9 Sept. 193/2 Galanthus ‘Merlin’ is one of the snowdrops most treasured by galanthophils.
1990 Independent (Nexis) 4 Feb. 42 Over special snowdrop lunches this month, he and some 10 to 20 other galanthophiles will inspect the latest blooms.
2009 M. Cox Big Gardens in Small Spaces v. 145 I've absolutely no idea what variety they are, and would probably need to call in a dedicated galanthophile equipped with magnifying glass and kneepads to help me identify them.
Monday, February 11, 2013
8:32AM - acervation, n.The action of forming something into a mass or of piling something up in a heap or hea
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌasəːˈveɪʃn/, U.S. /ˌæsərˈveɪʃ(ə)n/
Forms: 16 aceruation, 16– acervation.
Etymology: < classical Latin acervātiōn-, acervātiō action of heaping up or piling together, accumulation < acervāt-, past participial stem of acervāre acervate v. + -iō -ion suffix1. Compare earlier coacervation n.
The action of forming something into a mass or of piling something up in a heap or heaps; accumulation. Also: a heap, a mass.
1614 T. Lodge tr. Seneca Naturall Questions ii. ii, in Wks. 778 Is it to bee doubted that amongst these bodies which both wee see and handle, which are eyther felt or feele, but that there are some compound? These are such by connexion or aceruation [L. acervatione], as for example, a rope, corne, or a shippe.
1663 Bullokar's Eng. Expositor (rev. ed.), Acervation, a gathering into heaps.
1755 Johnson Dict. Eng. Lang. at Aggregate, The complex or collective result of the conjunction or acervation of many particulars.
1762 tr. S. de Monchy Ess. Causes & Cure Usual Diseases vi. 99 That too great an acervation of excrementitious matter feeds the putrefaction in malignant Fevers.
1794 R. J. Sulivan View of Nature II. 106 The deposition and acervation of oily, greasy parts of marine substances.
1823 Conybeare in Buckland's Reliq. Diluv. 196 These accumulations..sometimes by their acervation constitute decided hills
1905 Jrnl. Biblical Lit. 24 52 This is not a case of ‘acervation of terms’, but of bald definition.
1977 ‘E. Crispin’ Glimpses of Moon v. 79 The unwieldy acervation of objects he had acquired.
1996 B. Humphries Women in Background i. 5 Around the room comfortable, loose-covered chairs and sofas were disposed, on which an acervation of people were perched, seated and sprawled.
Sunday, February 10, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˌpəʊɡəˈnɒtəmi/, U.S. /ˌpoʊɡəˈnɑdəmi/
Etymology: < ancient Greek πωγωνο-, combining form of πώγων beard (see pogonology n.) + -tomy comb. form. Compare pogonotrophy n.
The cutting of a beard; shaving.
1896 Los Angeles Times 27 Dec. 20/6 Pogonotomy is what the Greeks used to call the gentle art of self-shaving.
1942 L. V. Berrey & M. Van den Bark Amer. Thes. Slang §125/3 Pogonotomy, shaving.
1960 Times 28 Sept. (Advertising Suppl) p. iii/2 This is the age, in fact, of pogonotomy.
1992 Evening Standard (Nexis) 16 Oct. 8 Bonington, whose aversion to pogonotomy, or shaving, began in the army, insisted bristles were a sine qua non for outdoor types.
Wednesday, February 6, 2013
opsigamy, n. Pronunciation: Brit. /ɒpˈsɪɡəmi/, U.S. /ɑpˈsɪɡəmi/
Etymology: < Hellenistic Greek ὀψιγαμία marriage late in life < ὀψίγαμος late-married ( < ancient Greek ὀψι-, ὀψέ late (see opsimathy n.) + γάμος marriage: see -gamy comb. form) + -ία -y suffix3. rare.
Marriage late in life.
1824 J. Macculloch Highlands & W. Isles III. 287 Nor is there any danger of Donald's being flogged for opsigamy by the Highland nymphs as the Spartans were of old.
1996 New Straits Times (Malaysia) (Nexis) 1 July 6 He was so choosy in finding a wife that he ended up in opsigamy.
Friday, February 1, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /alˈbɛsnt/, U.S. /ælˈbɛs(ə)nt/
Etymology: < classical Latin albēscent-, albēscēns, present participle of albēscere to become white, to become light in colour, to become bright < albēre to be white (see albid adj.) + -ēscere -esce suffix.
Growing or becoming white; shading or passing into white.
1705 Browne's Myographia Nova (ed. 2) ii. 55 Extracting an albescent Liquor, which we commonly call Chile.
1782 Tour to Celbridge in Hibernian Mag. Nov. 555/1 The beard excepted, which hung thick, long, and albescent below his breast, there was no circumstance of singularity in the colonel's appearance.
1831 W. Howitt Bk. Seasons 306 The galaxy stretches its albescent glow athwart the northern sky.
1868 C. Darwin Variations Animals & Plants I. vi. 184 The croup being blue instead of snow-white; but the tint varies, being sometimes albescent.
1922 Ophthalmic Yearbk. 18 209/2 Intravascular spaces a more or less pale grey, covered with discreet small punctate spots; in every part of the fundus these ‘albescent’ spots.
1973 R. Zoellner Salt-sea Mastodon iii. 35 [It]..is no real ship, but rather the albescent image of the questing craft voyaging out of space and beyond time.
2002 W. Boyd Any Human Heart (2009) 376 The familiar old moon hung up there with a fuzzy corona around it, albescent in the soft black sky.
Thursday, January 31, 2013
7:51AM - magpiety, n. - Talkativeness, garrulity (esp. on religious or moral topics); affected piety.
magpiety, n. Talkativeness, garrulity (esp. on religious or moral topics); affected piety.
Pronunciation: Brit. /maɡˈpʌɪəti/, U.S. /mæɡˈpaɪədi/ Forms: 18 mag-piety, 18– magpiety.
Etymology:Humorous blend of magpie n. and piety n. Compare also mag n.3, mag v.2
Talkativeness, garrulity (esp. on religious or moral topics); affected piety.
1832 T. Hood Jarvis & Mrs. Cope in New Sporting Mag Mar. 323 Not pious in its proper sense, But chattring like a bird, Of sin and grace—in such a case Mag-piety's the word.
1841 T. Hood Let. in Memorials (1860) II. iii. 118 Such solemn questions as..whether your extreme devotion has been affected or sincere..in short, Piety or Mag-piety?
1891 Blackwood's Edinb. Mag. 150 400/2 Conceive the agony of suppressed speech when a man is as garrulous as a magpie by nature; and my friend is that, though his magpiety is of an elevated sort.
1987 M. Daly Websters' First New Intergalactic Wickedary Eng. Lang. 145 Magpiety, the impious impropriety of Prudes; irreverence for sir-reverence; Nagpiety's Hagpiety.
Monday, January 28, 2013
7:18AM - Collins, n.1 - A letter of thanks for entertainment or hospitality, sent by a departed guest
Collins, n.1 Pronunciation:/kɒlɪnz/
Etymology: < the name of a character, William Collins, in Jane Austen's Pride & Prejudice (ch. xxii).
A letter of thanks for entertainment or hospitality, sent by a departed guest; a ‘bread-and-butter’ letter.
1904 Chambers's Jrnl. 27 Aug. 611/2 When we do not call a letter of thanks for a visit ‘a board and lodging’, we call it a ‘Collins’.
1907 Lady Grove Social Fetich 74 The ‘Collins’ letter I had dutifully bored my hostess with.
1911 W. A. Raleigh Lett. (1926) 375 This is only a Collins, and a Collins should not wade into deep places. It should be loving but neat.
1926 R. Bridges Henry Bradley ii. 19 Wherever I can I shall let him speak for himself, and..group the quotations from his letters under subjects..This first Collins will serve to prelude them.
1940 W. de la Mare Pleasures & Speculations 327 The amateur composer even of a Collins or bread-and-butter letter realizes that his mother tongue is a stubborn means for the communication of gratitude.
Friday, January 25, 2013
pistillation, n. Pounding with a pestle.
Etymology: < classical Latin pistillum (see pestle n.) + -ation suffix. Obs. rare.
Pounding with a pestle.
1646 Sir T. Browne Pseudodoxia Epidemica ii. v. 83 They submit unto pistillation, and resist not an ordinary pestle.
1683 R. Dixon Canidia iii. xv. 115 Whether 'tis worth a Revelation,..If Diamonds yield to Pistillation?
1797 J. A. Fahrenkrüger N. Bailey's Wörterbuch (ed. 9) II. 446/1 Stampfen, n. stamping, beating, braying, pounding, pistillation.
Tuesday, January 22, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈʌɪsbɒk/, U.S. /ˈaɪsˌbɑk/ Forms: also with lower-case initial. Etymology: < German Eisbock < Eis ice n. + Bock bock n. Compare Eiswein n.
A type of strong lager chilled to sub-zero temperatures after fermentation so that ice crystals may be strained off, thereby concentrating the flavour and alcohol content. Cf. ice beer n. at ice n. Compounds 8.
1977 M. Jackson World Guide to Beers 52 (caption) The eisbock... In Northern Bavaria, the Erste Kulmbacher brewery produces the world's strongest beer.
1991 Mod. Brewery Age (Nexis) 15 July s36 Another nuance is the eisbock, or ‘ice’ bock, a beer that has been frozen to remove excess water, thereby creating a much more concentrated and potent beer.
2002 Toronto Star (Electronic ed.) 27 June, Where once ground-breaking beers like Niagara Falls Eisbock and Wellington County's Arkell Best Bitter defined the craft brewery renaissance, duplication rather than innovation began to hold sway.
Sunday, January 20, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /kwɪn(t)ʃ/, U.S. /kwɪn(t)ʃ/
Forms: lME in a late copy–15 quynche, 15 quinche, 15–16 18– quinch, 16 quince.
Etymology:Origin uncertain. Perhaps a variant of quetch v. (compare β. forms at that entry), perhaps by association with winch v.1; or perhaps a variant of either winch v.1 or wince v.1
Now arch. or regional.
intr. To move, stir, make a slight noise; to start, flinch.
1511 Promp. Parv. (de Worde) sig. H.iv, Quynchyn [1440 Harl. qvycchyn], or meuyn, moueo.
1530 J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 677/1, I Quynche, I styrre, je mouue.
1530 J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 677/1, I quynche, I make a noyse, je tynte.
1587 A. Fleming et al. Holinshed's Chron. (new ed.) III. 583/2 He..[was] so manfull of mind as neuer seene to quinch at a wound.
a1599 Spenser View State Ireland in J. Ware Two Hist. Ireland (1633) 98 To bestow all my Souldiers in such sort as I have done, that no part of all that Realme shall be able to dare to quinch.
1607 R. C. tr. H. Estienne World of Wonders 49 None durst once quince or speake a word against him.
1627 Ld. Falkland Hist. Edward II (1680) 81 Which single durst not quinch, much less encounter.
1672 Gentleman's Jockey (ed. 2) 140 If you nip it between your Fingers and Thumb, he will quinch..very much.
1823 E. Moor Suffolk Words 302 Quinch, I think this word was formerly known to me..in the sense of to winch, or wince.
1941 E. R. Eddison Fish Dinner vii. 114 The Vicar met his eye without quinching.
1995 in Dict. Amer. Regional Eng. (1996) IV. 419/1 Quinch to wince.
Wednesday, January 16, 2013
7:42AM - galactometer, n. - An instrument or device used to measure the specific gravity or fat content of mi
galactometer, n. Pronunciation: Brit. /ɡalakˈtɒmᵻtə/, U.S. /ˌɡælækˈtɑmədər/
Etymology: < galacto- comb. form + -meter comb. form2, probably after French galactomètre (1796 or earlier). Compare German †Galactometer (1818 or earlier; now Galaktometer). Compare earlier lactometer n. Now rare.
An instrument or device used to measure the specific gravity or fat content of milk; = lactometer n.
1826 Gardener's Mag. 1 204 Lactometer... Sold in Paris by the opticians under the name of galactometer.
1853 A. Ure Dict. Arts (ed. 4) I. 838 When our purpose is to determine the quality of cream, the galactometer may consist merely of a long graduated glass tube standing upright.
1897 N. Straus Let. 22 Mar. in L. G. Straus Dis. in Milk (1913) 46 Samples of..milk, perfectly good according to all the customary tests of color, taste, smell, and the galactometer.
1906 T. S. Westcott tr. F. Frühwald Ref. Handbk. Dis Children 314 (caption) Galactometer for testing milk as sold in the market.
Tuesday, January 15, 2013
psithurisma, n. Forms: α. 18 psithurisma. β. 18 psithurism.
Etymology: < Hellenistic Greek ψιθύρισμα (also ψιθυρισμός) (noun) whispering < ancient Greek ψιθυρίζειν to whisper (probably < ψίθυρος (adjective) whispering, slanderous, of uncertain origin + -ίζειν -ize suffix, although the adjective may be derived from the verb) + -ισμα (also -ισμός) -ism suffix. N.E.D. (1909) gives the headword form as psithurism with the pronunciation as (psi·þiŭriz'm) /ˈpsɪθjʊərɪz(ə)m/. Obs.
Whispering; a whispering noise.
1848 L. Hunt Jar of Honey 61 There is the continuous whisper in psithurisma.
1856 J. E. Cooke Last of Foresters xxxii. 192 A murmurous laughter of mocking winds arose at times, and rustled on, and died away into the psithurisma of Theocritus.
1872 M. Collins Princess Clarice II. xix. 218 Psithurism of multitudinous leaves made ghostly music.
1883 Cent. Mag. Oct. 932/2 The popularity of our new hexameter with simple readers who know little of the Homeric roll, the Sicilian psithurisma, or Virgil's liquid flow, has been demonstrated.
Saturday, January 12, 2013
3:54PM - infinifail, n.
a prolonged to never-ending state of failure or unsuccessfulness.
Friday, January 11, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /ˈsʌɪkəʊpɒmp/, U.S. /ˈsaɪkoʊpɑmp/ Forms: α. 18– psychopompos. β. 18– psychopomp.
Etymology: < ancient Greek ψυχοπομπός conductor or guide of souls, especially as a title applied to Charon and also more commonly to Hermes, the Anubis of Egypt, and to Apollo (Plutarch 2. 758 B) < ψυχο- psycho- comb. form + πομπός conductor, guide (see pompilid adj. and n.). In spec. use in psychology via German Psychopompos (1934 in the passage translated in quot. 1951: see note). Compare French psychopompe, adjective (1842); the word does not occur in the Middle French passage in Amyot's translation of Plutarch that is the immediate source of quot. 1603
N.E.D. (1909) also gives a partial pronunciation of (ps-) /ps-/. The German original of quot. 1951 occurs in an article in C. G. Jung Wirklichkeit der Seele (1934) 342. Although most of this book was written by Jung, the article in question is by his wife Emma.
A mythical conductor or guide of souls to the place of the dead (in quot. 1603 as a title). Also in extended use.
In analytical psychology: (Jung's term for) the anima or animus, regarded as the link between the ego and the unconscious.
1603 P. Holland tr. Plutarch Morals lxiii. 1142 There is one..that helpeth to convey the soules of such as have ended their life, from hence into another world, and to lay them in quiet repose, who for bestowing and transporting of them in that sort is called Catunastes and Psychopompos.
1859 Atlantic Monthly Sept. 302/1 This function of Mercury, as Psycho-Pompos, or conductor of departed souls to Hades, is often misunderstood.
1863 W. K. Kelly Curiosities Indo-European Trad. 111 The other Aryan psychopomp, the cow
1879 M. D. Conway Demonol. I. ii. v. 129 The appearance of mice prognosticated of old the appearance of the præternatural rat-catcher and psychopomp.
1941 W. H. Auden New Year Let. i. 27 For through the Janus of a joke The candid psychopompos spoke.
1951 K. W. Bash tr. Jacobi Psychol. C. G. Jung (ed. 5) iii. 135 It is therefore ‘an important function of the higher..super-personal animus that it guides and accompanies as a true Psychopompos [Ger. als wahrer Psychopompos] the wanderings and transformations of the soul’.
1984 B. L. Knapp Jungian Approach to Literature 161 A hypostasized Marie, she became the poet's psychopomp, leading him to that preexistent sphere of being in which wholeness is linked to love and religion to creativity.
1990 C. Paglia Sexual Personae xi. 309 She is a marriage broker or Psychopompos guiding him through the Orphic underworld of emotion toward his ‘true self’.
psychoˈpompal adj. [compare earlier psychopompous adj.] rare of or relating to a psychopomp.
1885 A. Stewart 'Twixt Ben Nevis & Glencoe xxxix. 291 The psychopompal vehicle, the ‘fiery chariot’ in which the spirit was conveyed.
1950 M. Heron tr M. Griaule Africa 81 This myth and this ritual [of death and mourning] which emphasise the psychopompal character of a complex aesthetic material, give us a great deal of information.
psychoˈpompically adv. rare in the manner of a psychopomp.
1908 R. Brooke Let. 8 Jan. (1968) 121, I, Hermes-like, am coming to fetch you psychopompically to Hell.
Thursday, January 10, 2013
9:16AM - adhocracy - a flexible and informal style of organization and management, characterized by a lack of
Pronunciation: Brit. /adˈhɒkrəsi/, U.S. /ædˈhɑkrəsi/ Forms: 19– ad hocracy, 19– ad-hocracy, 19– adhocracy.
Etymology:Blend of ad hoc adv. and bureaucracy n.; compare -cracy comb. form, -ocracy comb. form. Business.
A flexible and informal style of organization and management, characterized by a lack of bureaucracy. Also (depreciative): bureaucracy characterized by inconsistency and lack of planning.
1966 D. McC. Smyth ‘Ad-hocracy’ or Meaningful Democracy Individual Canad.? 1 Ad-hocracy results from the lack of a disciplined, coherent examination of the needs of individuals and the society which together they comprise.
1970 A. Toffler Future Shock vii. 113 We are..witnessing the arrival of a new organizational system that will increasingly challenge, and ultimately supplant bureaucracy. This is the organization of the future. I call it ‘Ad-hocracy’.
1980 Daily Tel. 30 Dec. 20/3 In an article published by Playboy magazine, he said President Carter was so inconsistent in his policy making that the administration amounted to ‘ad hocracy gone mad’.
1990 Village Voice (N.Y.) 16 Oct. 73/4 Something called ‘adhocracy’—which, following Japanese models, would involve workers, managers, and executives in little work teams with a single task.
2003 S. Kolahmeinen in T. Heiskanen & J. Hearn Information Society & Workplace v. 86 The environment of adhocracy is complex and dynamic, including high technology and temporary projects, and the form is common, especially in young industries such as the information sector.
Tuesday, January 8, 2013
Pronunciation: Brit. /nᵻˈmɒfᵻlɪst/, /nɛˈmɒfᵻlɪst/, U.S. /nəˈmɑfələst/
Etymology: < ancient Greek νέμος wooded pasture, glade (see Nemophila n.) + -philist comb. form.
A person who loves or is fond of woods or forests.
1860 Atlantic Monthly Jan. 26 Not as a naturalist in close patient study..but as a nemophilist, taking simple delight in mere observation.
1912 M. J. Cawein Poet, Fool & Faeries 49 The dictionaries have a name for all Who love the woods as you do. I shall call My poet now,—that is, if he insist,—No more mere Poet but Nemophilist.
1995 Arkansas Democrat Gaz. (Nexis) 23 July 3j, For people who aren't afraid to die..death promises to be everything life tried to be but couldn't... You can cheat on crossword puzzles. You can speak Urdu and become an unashamed nemophilist.
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